Ph. D., Sociology, State University of New York at Binghamton; B.A. History, Princeton University.
Comparative/Historical Sociology, Economic Sociology, Race and Ethnicity in the Caribbean and Latin America
I am currently working on two projects.
The first is a book, jointly with Prof. Laird Bergad of CUNY, entitled, “Colonialism, Free Trade, and Agrarian Social Structure in Puerto Rico: 1898-1940.”
The working title of the second project is: "The Bordering of America: Mexicans, Filipinos, and Puerto Ricans in the U.S. Political Economy after the Wars of 1848 and 1898.”
César J. Ayala and José Bolívar. BATTLESHIP VIEQUES: PUERTO RICO FROM WORLD WAR II TO THE KOREAN WAR. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2011.
César J. Ayala and Rafael Bernabe. PUERTO RICO EN EL SIGLO NORTEAMERICANO: SU HISTORIA DESDE 1898. [translated by Aurora Lauzardo] San Juan: Ediciones Callejón, 2011.
César Ayala and Rafael Bernabe. PUERTO RICO IN THE AMERICAN CENTURY: A HISTORY SINCE 1898. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.
César Ayala. AMERICAN SUGAR KINGDOM: THE PLANTATION ECONOMY OF THE SPANISH CARIBBEAN, 1898-1934. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
(With Laird Bergad). "Rural Puerto Rico during the Early Twentieth Century Reconsidered: Land and Society, 1899-1915." LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH REVIEW (37)2 (April, 2002): 65-99.
"Social and Economic Aspects of Sugar Production in Cuba, 1880-1930." LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH REVIEW Vol. 30, No. 1 (1995): 95-124.